Urban Agriculture Regulations
The Urban Agriculture Ordinance was adopted by the Sacramento City Council on March 24, 2015. Its purpose is to reduce the regulatory burden for urban agriculture. The ordinance amended Sacramento City Code to allow small-scale urban agriculture as the primary land use in most zones, and accessory uses such as temporary on-site urban agriculture stands. In addition, it included development and operational standards.
- “Market garden” is allowed as a primary land use (see table 1).
- The allowable size of “community garden, private” is increased (see table 1).
- Onsite urban agriculture stands up to 120 square feet are allowed on the site of an urban agriculture use by right in most zones (see table 2).
- Aquaculture operations are allowed as an accessory uses in residential zones, and as primary uses in non-residential zones, subject to the regulations of the underlying zone.
Urban Agriculture Stands
Urban agriculture stands are permitted on the site of an urban agriculture use, subject to the regulations in 17.228.810 (E) of the urban agriculture ordinance. Product sales at urban agriculture stands are limited to produce and value-added product grown on site. Parking for two cars is required for urban agriculture stands. This may be provided either on-street or at an off-street parking facility accessed by an approved driveway.
Table 2 shows that there are more limitations and regulations for urban agriculture stands in residential zones than in commercial and industrial zones.
“Aquaculture” means the cultivation of marine or freshwater fish, shellfish, or plants under controlled conditions. Aquaculture includes aquaponics which integrates aquaculture with hydroponics by recycling the waste products from fish to fertilize hydroponically growing plants.
“Community garden, public” and “community garden, private” were created to differentiate between public community gardens that are established, operated, and maintained by the City from private community gardens that are established, operated and maintained by persons other than the City. “Community garden, public” is not subject to the Planning and Development Code but is instead subject to Parks and Recreation Department rules.
“Market garden” means the primary use of a site for cultivation of fruits, vegetables, flowers, fiber, nuts, seeds, or culinary herbs for sale or donation of its produce to the public which is in a zone other than an A or A-OS.
“Private garden” means a private food-producing garden that is accessory to the primary use of the site and which is located in the front yard, side yard, rear yard, rooftop, courtyard, balcony, fence, wall, window sill or basement.
“Urban agriculture stand” means a temporary produce stand that is accessory to an urban agriculture use.