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With 4 miles of tree-lined streets that should be easily traveled by foot, bicycle, transit or car, “The Grid” represents the single most defining aspect of Sacramento’s Central City transportation network. With the population anticipated to grow substantially over the next 10 to 20 years in the Central City, the travel patterns of those who live, work, play or visit the Central City are shaped by the gridded streets.

While conventional roadway planning focuses on mobility for cars, “Grid 3.0”, the City’s comprehensive plan for street improvements within the Central City, shifted the focus from moving cars to moving people. The Grid 3.0 plan integrated several transportation projects and programs and enhance the Central City grid with the following goals:

  • Enhance commercial corridors for safe cycling and walking, while accommodating both through and local traffic
  • Protect neighborhood streets as places where parents feel safe for their children to walk and bike
  • Improve connections between neighborhoods and the downtown core for biking, walking and transit

The “Downtown Bikeways” project, constructed in 2018, implemented the first phase of the Grid 3.0 improvements. This project brought 30 blocks of protected bikeways to P Street, Q Street, 10th Street, and J Street. The Central City Mobility Project is the next implementation phase of the transportation improvements identified in the Grid 3.0 Plan and Central City Specific Plan. It will add 62 blocks of protected bikeways to the network, as well as convert a key street from one-way to two-way to improve circulation.


The City received funding through an SB1 competitive grant program, which will allow the City to rehabilitate the pavement, extend the protected bikeway network, and add circulation improvements to key corridors.
The project will convert 5th Street (X Street to H Street) from a one-way to a two-way street, and will add bike lanes in both directions.
The project will also extend the protected bikeway network, constructed in 2018, on:

  • 9th Street (Q Street to L Street),
  • 10th Street (Broadway to Q Street),
  • 19th Street (H Street to Broadway),
  • 21st Street (I Street to Broadway),
  • P Street (15th Street to 21st Street), and
  • Q Street (14th Street to 21st Street).
The funding for the bikeway improvements on 19th Street and 21st Street was provided in coordination with the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission’s Valley Rail Project, which proposes to implement two new daily round-trips for the Amtrak San Joaquin service area to better connect San Joaquin Valley travelers with the Sacramento area, and an extension of Altamont Corridor Express (ACE) between Sacramento and Merced. The new Midtown Station will be easily accessed by bike with the new bikeways on 19th Street, 21st Street, P Street and Q Street. More information about the Valley Rail Project can be found here.


Graphic showing 56% reduction in injuries with protected bikeways

Parking-Separated Bikeways:

Approximately 60% of people are interested in traveling by bikes, but are concerned about riding next to moving traffic. The creation of a network of separated bikeways will open bicycling and the use of scooters to a wider audience of all ages and abilities. Providing comfortable separated bikeways improves safety for all users of the road.
Parking-separated bikeways are implemented on one-way streets in the Central City, because the need for only one direction of bike travel allows for the width of the door-zone buffer space on the narrow roadways.

quote: Street conversions can be a win-win for neighborhoods – creating a more livable, safe, and prosperous environment that better reflects the rich past and vibrant, sustainable future of our cities

Two-Way Conversions:

The conversion of one-way streets to two-way operations in the Central City has many benefits which include improvement in safety, accessibility, mobility, and enhancing overall livability.
Converted two-way streets generally have lower vehicular speeds as drivers tend to slow down when traffic from the opposing direction is present. This is especially apparent at intersections since conflicting turns from opposing movements create an increase in driver attentiveness. A two-way street also reduces confusion and eliminates potential for wrong-way travel.
Two-way streets, more so with the inclusion of bicycle lanes, offer an agile transportation corridor; enhancing access to local residences, businesses, and other places of interest; improving community vitality and enhancing livability.


The City received a $5 million grant through the Local Partnership Program (SB1) for construction of the improvements on 9th Street, 10th Street, P Street, Q Street, 5th Street and I Street. The City finalized a $3 million agreement with the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission and San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority (SJRRC) as part of their Valley Rail project, to design and construct the protected bikeways on 19th Street and 21st Street to serve their proposed station. Additional funding for the construction of bikeways on 19th Street, 21st Street, P Street and Q Street was awarded through a $2.5 million grant through the Affordable Housing & Sustainable Community Program. Project design and grant match are funded through the Downtown Impact Fees and Transportation Development Impact Fees.


The City of Sacramento will use the concept development and environmental clearance work performed with Grid 3.0 and the Central City Specific Plan to prepare construction documents. The anticipated milestones for this project are:

  • Design Finalized- Summer 2022
  • Construction-Early 2023


The mobility improvements identified as part of the Grid 3.0 study were developed through an 18-month public engagement process using traditional and innovative strategies which created a successful collaboration with residents, business and property owners, major employers, and community-based organizations.

More than 6,000 public comments were received for the Grid 3.0 improvements. By incorporating the community’s input throughout the planning process, these improvements reflect the perspectives, interests and mobility needs of the Sacramento community. An open house was held on November 6th, 2019 at City Hall. The presentation from the event can be found here. Photos of exhibits and public comments with responses are available here.

Additional community involvement will continue with this project, including stakeholder outreach, a public meeting, and community events.


Megan Johnson, Senior Civil Engineer
Office: (916) 808-1967