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Cold & Fog

The Sacramento Region cools down from November to February. Learn how to stay warm and drive safely through foggy weather.


During the summer months,  the Sacramento Valley heats up. Learn how to protect yourself and others by following these steps.

  • Listen to local weather forecasts and be aware of upcoming temperature changes.
  • Review the National Weather Services (NWS) experimental HeatRisk forecast for the seven day heat risk potential in the Sacramento Region.
  • Discuss heat safety precautions with family members.
  • Learn how to prepare for power outages from Sacramento Ready.
  • Take a first aid course to learn how to look for and treat heat-related emergencies.
  • Dress in lightweight, light colored, loose fitting clothing.
  • Use sunscreen and wear protective coverings, such as a hat.
  • Learn about extreme heat prevention, hot weather tips, and more from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).


The Sacramento Region is part of a natural floodplain and is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River. The Central Valley has a history of flooding and relies on a sophisticated network of reservoirs, levees, and bypasses. Learn tips on how to prepare in the event of a flood.

  • Visit the City of Sacramento Department of Utilities to learn about flood plain information, flood protection, flood warning systems, and more.
  • Familiarize yourself with your neighborhood and possible evacuation points with higher elevation.
  • Learn Flood Evacuation Tips from the National Weather Service.
  • FEMA recommends buying flood insurance before an incident. Learn more about flood risks and residential coverage at FloodSmart or call (888) 379-9531.
  • Make sure you have an evacuation kit/emergency kit ready in the event of a flood.
  • During a flood watch, sandbag locations can be found by calling 311 or listening to your local TV stations. Learn How to Fill a Sandbag and Build a Sandbag Barrier.


Earthquakes can strike suddenly and without warning. Learn how to reduce property damage and injury with FEMA's Earthquake Safety at Home.

  • Develop a disaster plan, prepare a disaster kit, and practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On.
  • Secure heavy furniture or items that can fall during an earthquake.
  • Locate shut-off valves for water, electricity, and gas.
  • Make copies of vital records and stock critical supplies, such as water and medication.
  • Learn basic CPR.
  • Learn more about Earthquake Preparedness from the Governor's Office of Emergency Services (Cal OES).
  • Learn How to Prepare for an Earthquake from
  • Take part in the Statewide "Great Shakeout Drill"